The politics of the Federation of United African Nations is unique in that each political party that operations in the Federal government (known officially as congresses) is in fact an alliance of national parties from member-nations. Though coalition parties of this nature are not uncommon throughout the world, the Federation is unique in that each congress is a coalition of parties from the various nations. These congresses work to together to ensure seats in the Federal legislature is held by candidates that are willing to push their congresses's agenda. Interestingly enough, the congresses are not created along ethnic lines but instead on political ideals, such as socialist, communism, or liberalism. Inadvertently or intentionally, the congresses are a benefit to the Federation in that they promote international unity between the various political parties of the member-nations and in turn, the cooperation of the member-nations within the Federation itself.
Unfortunately, however, the congresses also provide for an add bureaucracy that can be damaging to the Federation. This is especially true when one house of the Federal Assembly is held by one congress and the second house is held by another congress. Partisan politics can ensure and inevitably end in political gridlock which can be damaging to both the legislative and economic livelihood of the Federation. Since the inception of political congresses in the Federation (the Congress of Socialists and Democrats being the first), the Federal President has had to player a larger role in motivating the congresses to act, often times having to devote major time in order to effectively mediate between the parties in order to effective postie political cooperation. This has added a new level to the complexity of the President's job and has led many voters to rely more heavily on presidential candidates that are effective mediators and tend to be more bipartisan in nature.
The Following is a detailed list of the Congresses of the Federation, including their national membership.
African Social Democratic Federalists Congress
|Founder||Julius Léopold Kendala|
|Political Ideology||African Socialism|
Third Way Economics
|Party Strength||Major Party|
|Student wing||Association of Federalist Students|
|Youth wing||Young Federalist|
The African Social Democratic Federalists Congress or Federalist Congress is a major political congress of the Federation of United African Nations. A partnership of center-left political parties from nations within the Federation, the congress is sometimes referred to simply as the Federalists as they are the first political congress to establish itself within the Federation, leading to much of the Federation's core policies being a direct result of congressional politics. The Federalists are also the first congress to capture the Federal Presidency. The Federalists are therefore the oldest congress within the Federation as well as the longest still in operation. The Congress holds a headquarters in the capital city of Aksum.
The history of the Federalist Congress began with the socialist movements of Ethiopia and Djibouti. At the time of the formation of the Federation, the ruling parties of both Ethiopia and Djibouti were socialist parties. Ethiopia's ruling party, the Ethiopian Democratic Socialist Front, and Djibouti's Progressive Socialist Party quickly became strong allies. Both parties pushed hard to enforce socialist policies during the early years of the Federation in hopes of improving the overall quality of life for Federation citizens. When the Federation grew to include more nations in Africa, both parties knew that a congress or alliance had to be formed between socialist movements throughout the Federation not only to provide political aid to national parties but also to promote socialist policies on the Federal level as well. Thus during the presidency of Bahta Sherifo the African Social Democratic Federalists Congress or Federalist Congress was formed. Having a strong foundation in both Ethiopia and Djibouti, the Federalist Congress became a popular congress in other nations in the Federation as well and a surge of socialist support grew. This surge culminated in the election of Angela Defar who not only became the Federation's first female president, but also the Federation's first Federalists president, a historical first for a nation whose presidents had previously been politically neutral. Her election ushered in a new era of party politics on the Federal level and not only helped to give the Federalists a strong political foundation but also help to create other congresses that grew out of opposition to the Federalists. Though the early years of the Federalists were outlined by competing ideas of how center-left politics should look like in the Federation, a single philosophy emerged and became the guiding foundation for Federalists policy. African Socialism, a philosophy popular among African leaders of the 1950s and 1960s, was a relatively unused term in modern times until the Federalists, particularly congress founder Julius Léopold Kendala, adopted it. Ambiguous historically, the Federalists used the term African Socialism to define their united political policy, creating a clear definition that is recognized and emulated throughout Africa.
Today, the Federalists are one of the strongest and most dominant political congresses in the Federation. The Federalists supports what is has come to coin as true African Socialism. The core tenants of this philosophy are social development enhanced by strong public services, the avoidance of the development of social classes within society and instead the support of the traditional African community, and the protection of the environment in support of Africa's agrarian traditions. In economic, financial, and social welfare policy, the Federalists is a proponent of increasing welfare spending in some areas, creating social assistance policies that reflects citizens' needs and assist their re-entry to the work force. The advocate universal health care, a flexible retirement age, and raising the minimum wage to pace the cost of living. Reducing poverty throughout the Federation is a strong goal of the Federalists .In tax policy, the Federalists calls for increases in corporate taxes for big business and lowering taxes for small businesses. The Federalists supports to creation of some state enterprises, particularly in areas such as utilities as a means of lowering costs to the average citizen, as well as the expansion of public transportation. However, the Federalists promotes more competition in the areas of agriculture and consumer goods as a means of keeping costs low. In social policy, the Federalists are committed to the maintenance and expansion of human rights and civil rights, including (but not limited to): gender equality, equal rights for LGBT citizens, rights for people with physical and mental disabilities, and workers' right. Thus, the Federalists aims at making working conditions for women in families easier by promoting more external childcare centers and more opportunities for part-time jobs. It also aims at reinforcing sexual equality in terms of eliminating wage differences based on gender, continues to support government unions for all citizens, and supports abortions. On issues of culture throughout the Federation, the Federalists promote an Intercultural policy and an intercultural understanding between the member-nations and their diverse communities. The Federalists also supports the integration of immigrants into the Federation through a more streamlined, a less costly naturalization process. In terms of drugs, the Federalists supports the legalization of cannabis as well as lesser restrictions on other various other substances. However, the Federalists does support general smoking bans for many public areas, bars and restaurants as well as minimum age laws of the consumption of legalized drugs and alcohol. In foreign policy the Federalists promotes further participation by the Federation in international organizations such as H.E.A.R.T and ICON. It supports the creation of a regional African organization designed to promote cooperation between African Nations as well as a regional economic organization designed to support economic stability on the continent. The Federalists supports an increase on the part of the Federation on international efforts to promote human rights and peace. The Federalists opposes the use of force in international affairs and thus supports keeping the Federation's military neutral. On issues concerning the environment, the Federalists supports eco tax reforms and increased state support for energy saving measures and renewable energies. The Federalists also supports more regulations to safeguard the many natural areas left in the Federation such as mountains, forests, lakes, and rivers.
African Liberal Democratic Populist Congress
|Political Ideology||African Liberalism|
|Party Strength||Major Party|
|Student wing||League of Educated Populists|
|Youth wing||Young Populists United|
The African Liberal Democratic Populist Congress or Populist Congress is a major political congress of the Federation of United African Nations. The Populist congress was formed out of an alliance formed between center-right political parties of the Federation, especially those parties that follow African Liberalism. The congress is more often referred to as the Populist due to their belief that they represent to true founding principles of the Federation and therefore the people. Populist stand on a platform of liberal policies that greatly contrast those of the Federalists and their more socialist policies, making the congress a highly popular opposition front to Federalist power. The Populist have their headquarters in the capital of Aksum.
The Populist Congress has its roots in the political parties of Liberia, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Each of the three states were among the first to join the Federation following its foundation. All three were also among the first nations in the Federation whose ruling parties were not socialist parties. At the time that Liberia, Lesotho, and Swaziland signed the Federation’s constitution and join the federation, their nations were ruled by the Liberian Liberal Democratic Party, the Lesotho National Republican Party, and Swaziland National Democratic Movement. Unlike their socialist counterparts, these parties stood for African Liberalism, a relatively new concept in African politics that had not be articulated on a national level but was being separately developed by these political parties. The parties would see a need for unity and a political alliance during the Defar years of the Federation and the socialist policies that the Federalists attempted to enact. The official foundation of the Populist Congress came out of the debate over the Federation’s budget under the Defar Administration. During her first term in office, President Defar and Federalist pushed for increased taxes to be put towards social welfare programs, an improved healthcare system, and education. While opposition from Populist agreed that in theory, the increased spending in those areas would improve the Federation, they argued against the increased taxes as an unnecessary burden that federal citizens didn’t need to suffer. Though the budget would eventually be passed, it only passed after considerable concessions were made by the Federalist to the Populist opposition. The debate and victory solidified the alliance between the Liberal political nations and the African Liberal Democratic Populist Congress was born. Though relatively weak by comparison to the more established Federalist Congress, the Populists began winning popularity by focusing on job creation and great individual freedoms both politically and economically. This gained the Populists increased support by the emerging middle and upper classes of the Federation, especially among those that support free trade and less intervention in the economy by the government. By the end of the Defar Presidency, the Populist had become a true opposition congress to the power of the Federalists.
Today, the Populist are one of the major dominant political congresses in the Federation, second only to the Federalists. The Populist support the protection of civil liberties and individual responsibility in a clearly defined political platform they call African liberalism. The Populist call for mutual tolerance of people with different opinions and self-identities, entrepreneurship, social responsibility, the rule of law, and participatory democracy. Populist believe that many Federal agency can be either reduced in size and power or outright dissolved in favor of returning power to the member-nations. Reducing the size of the Federal government, overall, is believed by Populist as a major factor to the continued progress of the Federation itself. The Populist believe that an open society and economic freedom are more conducive to prosperity, and greater economic and social stability, rather than a redistributive and/or regulative state. In economic, financial, and social welfare policy, Populist strongly believe that free markets and individual achievement are keys to economic prosperity. To this end, they advocate in favor of laissez-faire economics, fiscal conservatism, and the elimination of government run welfare programs in favor of private sector nonprofits and encouraging personal responsibility. Populist believe taxes should be reduced across the Federation, especially those that target the private sector. A reduction of taxes, according to the Populist, will allow for economic growth. The Populist support assistance to the less fortunate; however, they believe the private sector is more effective in helping the poor than government. Through this policy, the Populist believe that giving government grants to private charities to supplant welfare spending is more effective. Populist also believe that limits on eligibility and benefits must be in place to ensure the safety net is not abused. In social policies, the Populist remain dedicated to generally equality among the people of the Federation. However, Populist due differ with Federalists when it comes to a few key issues. On abortion, Populist believe that the procedure should only be used when the life of the woman is at risk or in cases of rape. When it comes to immigration, Populist believe in strict laws against illegal immigration into the Federation. They believe illegal immigrants should be held accountable for their actions. They believe the immigration process should be more streamlined however, in order to better process those immigrants working in the system. On drugs, Populists tend to support the legalization of marijuana for private use. However, Populists believe high age limits should be enforced and that most other drugs should be outlawed. On the environment, the Populist adopted as part of their platform support for the development of market-based solutions to environmental problems. According to the platform, "economic prosperity and environmental protection must advance together, environmental regulations should be based on science, the government's role should be to provide market-based incentives to develop the technologies to meet environmental standards, we should ensure that environmental policy meets the needs of localities, and environmental policy should focus on achieving results processes."